Pair of Hahn's Macaws sitting on tree branch and foraging


Scientific Name: Diopsittaca nobilis

Other Common Names:  Red-Shouldered Macaw, Mini Macaw

Native Country: South America – Brazil, Guianas, Bolivia, Venezuela and Peru.

Habitat:  Tropical Lowlands, Savannah and Swampy areas

Height (Head to Tail): 30 – 35cm, Medium Size

Lifespan: up to 30 years

Weight: 140 – 160 grams

Hahn’s Macaw – Appearance:

In terms of height, the Hahn’s Macaw is similar in size to Sun Conures which gives them the household name of “mini macaw”. They are predominantly bright green with a pale blue patch of feathers just above the beak. As the name suggests, the alula and lesser coverts feathers, signifying the shoulders are red. Just like other macaws, the tail is narrow and long and the facial area has a patch of bare white skin around the eyes.

There are three distinct subspecies of the Diopsittaca nobilis (D.n.):

  • D.n. nobilis – Hahn’s Macaw
  • D.n. cumanensis – Noble Macaw
  • D.n. longipennis

The Hahn’s Macaw is classed as the D.n nobilis and distinguished by the dark grey color of its upper mandible (beak). On the other hand, the D.n. cumanesis also known as the Noble Macaw and identified by it’s off white upper mandible. Lastly, the D.n. longipennis has slightly larger wings and is specific to Brazil.

Hahn’s Macaw – Diet:

75% High Quality Pellet Mix – A staple fortified pellet diet that is tailored for Macaw’s or medium sized parrots. Popular brands specializing in mini macaw diets include Vetafarm South American Mix, Vetafarm Parrot Essentials Pellet, Zupreem Natural, Roudybush 24/7 or Harrison’s High Potency Coarse or Fine Mix

harrisons high potency fineHarrison’s Bird Foods High Potency Fine 1lb
roudybush signature california blendRoudyBush California Blend Bird Food
ZuPreem Natural with added vitamins mineral amino acids essential nutritionZuPreem Natural with Vitamins & Minerals

15% Fresh Fruit and Vegetables – Mango, Pineapples, Paw Paw, Corn, Peaches, Apple, Banana, Pumpkin, Sweet Potato, Capsicum, Carrot, Beans, Peas, Broccoli, Spinach

5% Seed and Nuts – Sunflower, Peanuts, Pecans, Pine Nuts, Brazil Nuts

Tamed Hahn's Macaw sitting on owners shoulder

Hahn’s Macaw – Essentials:

When bringing your little birdie home for the first time, you will need to ensure you have the basics sorted beforehand.

  • Bird Cage – because of their miniature size compared to traditional macaws, the Hahn’s Macaw can be housed in smaller cages at least 100cm x 80cm x 160cm (W x L x H). It’s best to line the cage with newspaper to easily clean their droppings/mess.
  • Cage Cover – any cloth that covers 90% of the cage so the bird can sleep in darkness e.g. light blanket or sheet
  • Perch – at least two perches, preferably sturdy natural bark branches or cement to keep their nails naturally trimmed.
  • Toys – at least 3 toys to begin with for mental stimulation/entertainment; highly recommend toys that can be chewed or shred e.g. leather toys, wooden beads or cardboard
  • Bowls – 3x bowls (one for seeds, one for fresh fruit/vegetables and the other for water); your bird might use the water bowl to bath too, that’s completely fine!

Still not sure? Click here to download our 100% FREE bird care checklist here.

Hahn’s Macaw – Behavior:

  • Socialization: Hahn’s Macaws are playful, affectionate and fairly easy to tame birds compared to their larger counterparts. They can be territorial at times towards their pet-owner, so you might want to keep them away from visitors.

  • Vocalization: Casual chatter-box parrots that like to whistle and mimic but their native call is more of a screech. You may occasionally hear a squawk as a warning signal to other birds of nearby danger.

Have a listen to their call below:

Hahn’s Macaw – Breeding:

On average the Hahn’s Macaw reaches sexual maturity at 2-3 years of age and are considered monomorphic breeds. They are not picky with their mating partners unlike larger macaws. In the wild, these beautiful birds can be seen nesting high within tree trunk cavities to seek protection from the weather and predators.

Other requirements for breeding are mentioned below:

  • Requirements:
    • Rectangle shaped Nest box made from pine or chipboard (min. dimensions 45x20x40cm – HxWxL)
    • Nest box filling – non-toxic wood shavings or saw dust
    • You may offer a breeding food mix if available near you
  • Mating Partner: monogamous – one partner for life
  • Breeding Season: Spring
  • Clutch Frequency: 1 – 3 clutches per year
  • Clutch Quantity: 3 – 4 eggs per clutch
  • Incubation Period: 24 – 26 days
  • Weaning: 12 weeks
Parrot peaking out of tree trunk hollow for safety
Image: Parrot peaking out of tree trunk cavity/hollow

Hahn’s Macaw – Health:

Common IssueSymptoms Causes
Psittacosis Appetite loss, fluffed feathers, vomiting, nasal/ocular discharge, diarrhea or pale green feces, breathing difficulties, conjunctivitis, minimal physical movement, tremorsBacteria: Chlamydia psittaci contracted via infected dried saliva, feathers, mucous and feces
Proventricular Dilatation Syndrome “Macaw Wasting SyndromeLoss of appetite, vomiting, passing of undigested food in feces, weight loss, overall body weakness, head tremors seizuresAvian Bornavirus (ABV) contracted through feces, saliva and other bodily secretions from birds – causes nerve inflammation
Feather PluckingForm of self mutilation by plucking their own feathers, leaving bald patches of skinBoredom, lack of mental stimulation, poor diet, illness, stress
Psittacine Beak & Feather DiseaseSharp, clubbed or abnormally short feathers, pigment loss in colored feathers, bloody feather shaftsBeak & Feather Disease Virus (BFDV) contracted from other infected birds e.g. oral – parent feeding young or ingestion of virus particles in dust feces
AspergillosisWeight loss, lethargy, constantly fluffed feathers, difficulty breathing, cloudy eyes, droopy wingsAspergillus fungus: exposure to spores found in dust, mold, soil – mainly affects malnourished or immunocompromised birds
MalnutritionNasal discharge, sneezing, wheezing conjunctivitis, poor feather quality, weakness, egg binding, embryonic deathVitamin A or Calcium deficiency
WormsDiarrhea, vomiting, weight loss, malnutrition or blood in fecesAscaris roundworm or flatworms – eggs passed in droppings

Did You Know?

1. Hahn’s Macaw’s are priced at over $1,000 AUD, so be prepared for high initial setup costs

2. Hahn’s Macaw is the smallest species of macaw giving its nickname of “mini macaw

3. The Hahn’s Macaw was named after a German zoologist by the name of Carl-Wilhem Hahn

Other Species of Interest: