TURQUOISE FRONTED AMAZON
Scientific Name: Amazona aestiva
Other Common Names: Turquoise Fronted Parrot, Blue Fronted Amazon
Native Country: South America – Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina
Habitat: Woodland and Savannah
Height (Head to Tail): 36-38cm, Medium Size
Lifespan: 25 – 50 years
Weight: 400 – 600 grams
Turquoise Fronted Amazon – Appearance:
Blue Fronted Amazon parrots are covered in luscious green feathers. As the name suggests, the area just above the nares is turquoise. This distinct turquoise color is a key distinguishing feature from other Amazon parrots such as the Yellow-Naped Amazon or the Yellow Headed Amazon. Similar to conures, Amazon parrots have white eye rings, charcoal colored beaks and grey feet.
You may find images online of the Turquoise Fronted Amazon parrot with patches of red or yellow feathers on the shoulders. Red patchy feathers are indicative of the nominate subspecies – A. a. aestiva whereas the yellow patchy feathers are the alternate subspecies – A. a. xanthopteryx.
Turquoise Fronted Amazon – Diet:
80% Pellets – Specialized pellets formulated for South American parrots. Popular brands include: Lafeber Classic Nutriberries, ZuPreem Fruitblend for Parrots and Vetafarm Nutriblend Pellets Small
15% Fresh Fruit and Vegetables – Soaked Beans/Peas, Apples, Cantaloupe/Rockmelon, Pomegranate, Berries, Grapes, Watermelon, Oranges, Pears, Plums, Carrots, Broccoli, Peas, Corn, Mango, Peppers
5% Protein – Cooked chicken bones (no meat, only the bone). Please be careful not to feed bones with sharp edges.
Tip: Hide nuts inside toys to keep your bird entertained for ages
|LAFEBER’S Tropical Fruit Nutri-Berries 3lb|
|ZuPreem Pure Fun 2lb – Blend of Fruit, Vegetables, Nuts|
|Vetafarm Parrot Essentials Complete Diet 2kg|
Turquoise Fronted Amazon – Essentials:
When bringing your little birdie home for the first time, you will need to ensure you have the basics sorted beforehand.
- Bird Cage – at least 40cm x 60cm x 100cm (W x L x H) – plenty of room for toys and flight; best to line the cage with newspaper to easily clean their droppings/mess
- Cage Cover – any cloth that covers 90% of the cage so the bird can sleep in darkness e.g. light blanket or sheet
- Perch – at least 3 perches, preferably sturdy natural bark branches to keep their nails naturally trimmed. It’s a great idea to have an external perch i.e. on top of the cage so your bird can explore out of the cage.
- Toys – at least 4 toys to begin with for mental stimulation/entertainment; highly recommend foraging toys or those that can be chewed e.g. large rope knots, wooden blocks or swings
- Bowls – 3 to 4 bowls (1x pellets/nuts, 1x fresh fruit/vegetables, 1x water and 1x bath dish)
Still not sure? Click here to download our 100% FREE bird care checklist here.
Turquoise Fronted Amazon – Behavior:
- Socialization: Blue Fronted Amazon parrots are cheeky and intelligent parrots that enjoy human interaction. Be prepared to give them lots of attention and cuddles! With the right tools for positive reinforcement training, your bird will learn cool tricks in no time. However you should be mindful, these birds tend to be slightly aggressive during breeding season, therefore be cautious of nipping.
- Vocalization: These parrots have various calls that include “wak-wak”, “kraa” and “groo”. Each distinct type of vocalization is used for a different purpose such as distress signaling, mating calls, feeding or flying. If you’re looking for a talkative companion, then you’re in luck – the Turquoise Fronted Amazon can be trained to speak phrases as well as sing, dance and whistle. These birds are not loud or too noisy so are suitable for apartment settings.
Turquoise Fronted Amazon – Breeding:
On average this Amazon parrot reaches sexual maturity at 2 – 4 years of age and are considered monomorphic breeds. Therefore if you plan to breed a pair, make sure you get a DNA test beforehand.
In the wild, Turquoise fronted Amazon parrots breed in pre-existing nests such as tree hollows. Other requirements for breeding in captivity are mentioned below:
- Vertical rectangle shaped nest box made from untreated wood (min. dimensions 80x25x30cm – HxWxL)
- Nest box filling – non-toxic wood shavings or saw dust
- Mating Partner: monogamous – one partner for life
- Breeding Season: Spring
- Clutch Frequency: 1 clutch per year
- Clutch Quantity: 2 – 3 eggs per clutch
- Incubation Period: 24 – 26 days
- Weaning: 3 months
Turquoise Fronted Amazon – Health:
|Psittacosis||Appetite loss, fluffed feathers, vomiting, nasal/ocular discharge, diarrhea or pale green feces, breathing difficulties, conjunctivitis, minimal physical movement, tremors||Bacteria: Chlamydia psittaci contracted via infected dried saliva, feathers, mucous and feces|
|Proventricular Dilatation Syndrome “Macaw Wasting Syndrome“||Loss of appetite, vomiting, passing of undigested food in feces, weight loss, overall body weakness, head tremors seizures||Avian Bornavirus (ABV) contracted through feces, saliva and other bodily secretions from birds – causes nerve inflammation|
|Feather Plucking||Form of self mutilation by plucking their own feathers, leaving bald patches of skin||Boredom, lack of mental stimulation, poor diet, illness, stress|
|Psittacine Beak & Feather Disease||Sharp, clubbed or abnormally short feathers, pigment loss in colored feathers, bloody feather shafts||Beak & Feather Disease Virus (BFDV) contracted from other infected birds e.g. oral – parent feeding young or ingestion of virus particles in dust feces|
|Aspergillosis||Weight loss, lethargy, constantly fluffed feathers, difficulty breathing, cloudy eyes, droopy wings||Aspergillus fungus: exposure to spores found in dust, mold, soil – mainly affects malnourished or immunocompromised birds|
|Malnutrition||Nasal discharge, sneezing, wheezing conjunctivitis, poor feather quality, weakness, egg binding, embryonic death||Vitamin A or Calcium deficiency|
|Worms||Diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss, malnutrition or blood in feces||Ascaris roundworm or flatworms – eggs passed in droppings|
Did You Know?
1. Hand raised Turquoise Fronted parrots are valued at over $1500 AUD.
2. This species has been recognized as a nearly threatened species by CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) due to deforestation and pet trade
3. There are 2 subspecies of the Blue Fronted Amazon: A. a. aestiva (found in Brazil; red shoulder feathers) and A. a. xanthopteryx (found in Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina; yellow shoulder feathers)